Land Development 101

After your due diligence is complete, you may discover that some items need to be addressed such as a zoning change, or a variance for signage or landscaping may be required. You or the seller can approach the city/county to request the necessary changes in keeping with the city/county's processes.

B. Land Development Process:   

Zoning change (if needed)

1. Preliminary Plat: A conceptual site plan with an initial evaluation of the public works facilities needed to serve the site. (Note: the amount of information required on the Preliminary Plat varies from city to city)

a)     Requires a reasonably accurate property description - this could be a meets and bounds description from the warranty deed.

b)    On the property description show layout of the proposed lots and streets

c)     An initial drainage analysis with a layout of the probable storm sewer system including detention facility, if needed.

d)    Need a street layout showing any special traffic facilities such as signalized intersections and traffic calming devices.

e)     Need calculation of traffic volumes generated by the proposed site.

f)     Analysis of the water requirements for domestic, use, fire protection and irrigations and a preliminary layout of the proposed water system improvements such as water mains, fire hydrants locations.

g)    Analysis of the wastewater generated by the proposed site and a preliminary layout of the proposed improvements such as: gravity mains, manholes, lift stations, force mains.

h)     Submit the Preliminary Plat to the city's Development Review Committee (DRC) to the Planning and Zoning Commission (P&Z), City Council and/or the County Commissioner's Court.** (Upon review, all city comments are addressed with appropriate modifications before resubmittal. Note: In scheduling a project, there should be sufficient time to address review comments. The amount of information and expected detail varies from city to city.)

i)      Upon approval by the governing body, the developer may proceed with the final plat process.

2. Final Plat: A detailed depiction of the site layout geometry and the layout of any public right-of-way and public easements.

a)     Must be based on field surveys on the site including boundary, topography, and tree surveys.

b)    Must be accompanied by a complete set of detailed construction plans for all of the public works improvements: water, sewer, streets, drainage, etc.

c)     Must be accompanied by a Traffic Impact Analysis if the traffic volumes exceed the limits established by the city.

 Construction Plans - Contents include:

Note: it is not unusual for a single set of plans to contain 40-100 sheets. The number of sheets is dependent on the size and shape of the development.

3. Submit the Final Plat to the city's Development Review Committee (DRC), to the Planning and Zoning Commission (P&Z), City Council and/or the County Commissioner's Court.** (Upon review, all city comments are addressed with appropriate modifications before resubmittal. Note: In scheduling a project, there should be sufficient time to address review comments. The amount of information and expected detail varies from city to city.)

4. Advertising, bidding, and awards (selecting the contractors).

5. Construction of the public works improvements.

6. Final inspection of the public works improvements by the city

7. Submission of record drawings, performance and payment bonds, affidavit of all bills paid, and other documents required by the city/county.

8. Letter of acceptance by the city.

8. File Final Plat with the county.

 

**Check with each city to determine its schedule for submittals, reviews, Planning and Zoning meetings and City Council meetings.

 

C. Construct your building or sell lots/pad site, etc